Adult Education in the Netherlands

What is meant in the country when you talk about Adult Education? 
Adult Education in the Netherlands are all kind of forms of education for adult learners in a formal and non-formal way.

What is typical for Adult Education in the country?
Adult education in the Netherlands is an educational process where adults try to gain a start-qualification on the labour-market, improve their working-skills or improve their daily. Mostly it is learner-centred and combined with the (daily or work-)practice. 

Legal basis 
- Law of Budget for Participation: Aiming Integration, Re-integration, Adult Education;
- Law of societal development (WMO): Aiming at supporting vulnerable citizens and liveability in communities;
- Secondary School for adults: Aiming at gaining starting-qualification(s) for the labour-market;
- Vocational training: Gaining qualifications and skills for improvement attitude at work or employability.

Responsible public bodies / ministries 
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science: http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ocw
Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment: http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/szw
 
Relevant umbrella associations and national (service) organisations
MBO-Raad: http://www.mboraad.nl/ (Regional Centres of Adult Education)
NRTO: http://www.paepon.nl/ (adult education providers for profit)
Nieuwe BV: http://www.beraadsgroepvorming.nl/ (non-formal adult education)
 
Providers of Adult Education
In the Netherlands there are different types of Adult Education providers. By theme:
- Law of Budget for Participation: Mostly Regional Organisations of Adult Education or providers of adult education for profit
- Law of societal development (WMO): Mostly Regional Organisations of Adult Education and welfare organisations
- Secondary School for adults: Mostly Mostly Regional Organisations of Adult Education or providers of adult education for profit
- Vocational training: Mostly Training institutions

Finances 
Funding 1: Law of Budget for Participation: Aiming Integration, Re-integration, Adult Education and secondary schooling for adults aiming at gaining starting-qualification(s) for the labour-market
Funding 2: Law of societal development (WMO): Aiming at supporting vulnerable citizens and liveability in communities;
Funding 3: Employers: Vocational training: Gaining qualifications and skills for improvement attitude at work or employability.

 Topic
- Participation
- Integration
- Qualification for Labour-Market
- Illiteracy
- Improvement of working-skills
- Learning and Working
- Digital Learning
- Increase of Social Inclusion (http://www.spectrum-gelderland.nl/smartsite.dws?id=54933)
- Early school Leaving / drop outsGeneral Adult Education for early school-leavers
 

Quality system / insurance
There are two restrictions in the Netherlands:
1. For examination of migrants the providers needs to accredited;
2. Most of adult education concerning educational programmes of the Law of Budget for Participation belongs to the Regional Adult Education Centres.

 Latest developments / upcoming topics
- Cutting of subsidizes, because of economical crisis
- Scientific Research about outcome and effects of adult education
- Prevention of drop outs
- Combination of Working and Learning
- Marketing in adult education
- IlliteracyDigital Learning

Relevant links 
EAEA Country presentation: Netherlands
EUROPEDIA: European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems - Netherlands 
General country information: Wikipedia: Netherlands

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About the author

Maurice de GreefProfessor Learning effects low skilled and illiterate learners & owner Artéduc

Maurice studied social work and after that educational science. During his study he focussed on the topic of lifelong learning and the learning progress of vulnerable adults in specified learning environments.

Maurice is Professor Learning effects Low skilled and Illiterate Learners and realised a dissertation (PhD) about outcomes of adult education. He managed local, regional and European projects in innovating learning-environments, strategic policy-making in adult education and developing strategies for approaching learners and realising new courses in local settings. He trains teachers on these topics. He is a member of the national board of non-formal adult education and responsible for the national conferences about adult education. Besides this he is member of the board of the national organisation for civil servants of education. Maurice also acts as project-manager in realising new learning-environments for minority-groups.

Maurice has professional connections in most of the EU member states and also in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Besides his work in the Netherlands and Belgium he cooperates with policy makers, professionals and volunteers who would like to create a common knowledge on lifelong learning. 

Maurice is interested and developed special knowledge in the learning process of adults. Basic themes are: transformational learning, the impact of learning, social inclusion, learning environment, blended learning and transfer.