Adult Education in Romania


What is meant in the country when you talk about Adult Education? 
The term, Adult Education, is used to cover most educational activities involving adult learners, including vocational training, rehabilitation programs, language, art and a wide range of self-development courses.

What is typical for Adult Education in the country?
The market for language and IT courses is dominated by private providers. Vocational training is often provided by state or regional authorities. Cultural activities are mostly provided by semi-public institutions; popular universities and cultural houses.
The first movers adopting new methodology and practices are often the NGOs who benefits from a more flexible structure and fewer constraints in terms of budgetary and administrative obligations.
 
Legal basis 
Popular universities and cultural houses are public institutions under public law, but they don't necessarily receive public funding.
Private providers enjoys greater flexibility due to their status as private firms, they do however often collaborate with educational institutions borrowing teaching staff and facilities.
To issue diplomas it is necessary to obtain a permit from the Ministry of Education, which can be more difficult for the NGOs.

Responsible public bodies / ministries
Ministry of Sport, Youth and Education
Ministry of Culture 
Ministry of Labour

Providers of Adult Education
The market for language and IT courses is dominated by private providers. Vocational training is often provided by state or regional authorities. Cultural activities are mostly provided by semi-public institutions; popular universities and cultural houses.
The NGOs are dynamic and innovative actors and often the first to adopt practices and projects ideas from other countries.

Finances 
The private providers are regular private firms, however often collaborating with an educational institution lending staff, facilities and the necessary network to obtain permissions and issue diplomas. It should be noted that the salary offered by private providers is higher than a regular salary and it is attractive for educational institutions to be able to offer their employees the possibility of an evening job at a private company collaborating with the institution.
Some vocational training courses are provided by regional employment agencies, while others are paid by the participants.
Popular universities and houses of culture are sometimes receiving regional or local support, or support from trusts/ foundations. Most courses however are paid by the participants' contribution.
The domination of the private providers on the market for language courses has been a significant development, forcing other providers to seek new niches.
Youth NGOs have sprouted as European funds and private sponsorships have become easier available. These organisations, often having few running costs, have the advantage of a more flexible budget and the possibility to focus on visible activities.
Popular universities and houses of culture have also aspired to align with European accreditation systems and practices.

Participation rate
The youth tends to opt for language courses and NGO activities.
While the cultural activities offered by Popular Universities and Houses of Culture are mostly appealing to middle ages and elderly.

Latest developments / main problems in the discussion
- Inclusion of Roma's
- Improved employability
- Increased involvement of learners
- Equal opportunities for the disabled
- Rural education

Overview written by Christoffer Størup 



Relevant links
 
Euridyce: Structures of Education and Training Systems in Europe - Romania
EAEA Country presentation: Romania
portal.edu.ro/index.php/base/frontpage/en





General country information: 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania


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